A study of injury risk of bicyclist and pedestrian in traffic accidents in Changsha of China

  • The objective of the study is to measure the risk of pedestrian and bicyclist in urban traffic through an analysis of real-world accident data. The kinematics and injury mechanisms for both pedestrian and bicyclists are investigated to find the correlation of injury risks with injury related parameters. For this purpose, firstly 338 cases are selected as a sample from an IVAC accident database based on the In-depth Investigation of Vehicle Accident in Changsha of China. A statistic measurement of the fatality and serious injury risks with respect to impact speed was carried out by logistic regression analysis. Secondly, 12 pedestrian and 12 bicyclist accidents were further selected for reconstruction with MADYMO program. A comparative analysis was conducted based on the results from accident analysis and computer reconstructions for the injury risk, head impact conditions and dynamic response of pedestrians and bicyclists. The results indicate that bicyclists suffered lower risks of severe injuries and fatalities compared with pedestrians. The risks of AIS 3+ injury and fatality are 50% for pedestrians at impact speeds of 53.2 km/h and 63.3 km/h, respectively, while that for bicyclists at 62.5 km/h and 71.1 km/h, respectively. The findings could have a contribution to get a better understanding of pedestrians" and bicyclists" exposures in urban traffic in China, and provide background knowledge to generate strategies for pedestrian protection.

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Metadaten
Author:Jin Nie, Guibing Li, Jikuang Yang, Xuenong Zhou, Chao Zhang, Xiaoping Yu, Weiqiang Li, Meichuan Wang
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:opus-bast-6256
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2013/09/05
Contributing corporation:Research Centre of Vehicle and Traffic Safety <Changsa>
Release Date:2013/09/05
Tag:China; Deutschland; Fahrzeug; Fußgänger; Konferenz; Radfahrer; Risiko; Schweregrad (Unfall; Simulation; Tödlicher Unfall; Unfallrekonstruktion; Verletzung; Verletzung); Zusammenstoß
China; Collision; Conference; Cyclist; Fatality; Germany; Injury; Pedestrian; Reconstruction (accid); Risk; Severity (accid; Simulation; Vehicle; injury)
Source:5th International Conference on ESAR 2012
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 81 Unfallstatistik
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 5th International Conference on ESAR

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