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Injury situation of novice drivers in road traffic : a medical and technical analysis

  • Novice drivers are at high risk for crash involvement. We performed an analysis of causations, injury patterns and distributions of novice drivers in cars and on motorcycles in road traffic as a basis for proper measurements. Method Data of accident and hospital records of novice drivers (licence < 2 years) were analysed focusing the following parameters: injury type, localisation and mechanism, Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), maximum AIS (MAIS), delta-v, collision speed and other technical parameters and have been compared to those of experienced drivers. In 18352 accidents in the area of Hannover (years1985"2004), 2602 novice drivers and 18214 experienced drivers were recorded having an accident. Novice car drivers were more often and severe injured than experienced and on motorcycles the experienced riders were at higher risk. Novice drivers of both groups sustained more often extremity injuries. 4.5 % novice car drivers were not restraint compared to 3.7 % of the experienced drivers and 6.1 % novice motorcycle drivers did not wear a proper helmet (versus 6.5 %). Severe injuries sustained at a rate of 20 % at collision speeds below 30 km/h and in 80% at collision speeds above 50 km/h. Novice car drivers drove significant older cars. The risk profile of novice drivers is similar to those of drivers older than 65 years. Structural protection and special lectures like skidding courses could be proper remedial action next to harder punishment of violations.

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Author:Carl Haasper, Dietmar Otte, Joachim Nehmzow, Christian Probst, C Müller, Martin Panzica, Tobias Hüfner, Christian Krettek
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/02
Year of first publication:2009
Contributing corporation:Medizinische Hochschule Hannover / Verkehrsunfallforschung
Release Date:2012/08/02
Tag:Analyse (math); Fahranfänger; Fahrer; Konferenz; Motorradfahrer; PKW; Schweregrad (Unfall, Verletzung); Statistik; Unfallrate; Verletzung
Accident rate; Analysis (math); Car; Conference; Driver; Injury; Motorcyclist; Recently qualified driver; Severity (accid, injury); Statistics
Source:3rd International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S. 388-400
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 81 Unfallstatistik
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 3rd International Conference on ESAR
Licence (German):License LogoBASt / Link zum Urhebergesetz

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