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Analysis of in-depth crash data on Indian national highways and impact of road design on crashes and injury severity

  • The National Highways Development Project in India is aimed at upgrading over 12,000 km of national highways from 2-lane undivided roads to 4-lane divided roads. With nearly 40% of fatal crashes being reported on national highways, the effect of this project on road safety needs to be assessed. Researchers carried out on-site crash investigations and in-depth crash data collection for a period of 45 to 60 days on four 2-lane undivided highways and a 4-lane divided highway. Based on 76 crashes examined, researchers found a shift of crash pattern from head-on collisions on undivided 2- lane highways to front-rear collisions on divided 4-lane highways. This paper presents the methodology, analysis of crashes examined, and the critical safety problems identified for greater consideration in future highway development projects. This paper also highlights the need and significance of in-depth crash investigations to understand local traffic conditions and problems in India.

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Author:Jeya Padmanaban, Ravishankar Rajaraman, Greg Stadter, Swastik Narayan, Bharat Ramesh
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/03
Contributing corporation:JP Research, Inc
Release Date:2012/08/03
Tag:Auffharunfall; Fernverkehrsstraße; Frontalzusammenstoß; Indien; Konferenz; Sicherheit; Unfall; tödlicher Unfall
Accident; Conference; Fatality; Head on collision; India; Main road; Rear end collision; Safety
Weitere beteiligte Körpersachaft: JP Research India Pvt. Ltd.,
Source:4rd International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S. 170-183
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 21 Planung von Verkehrsinfrastruktur
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 81 Unfallstatistik
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 4th International Conference on ESAR

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