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Estimation of the benefits for potential options to modify UNECE Regulation No. 94 to improve a car's compatibility

  • Although the number of road accident casualties in Europe (EU27) is falling the problem still remains substantial. In 2011 there were still over 30,000 road accident fatalities. Approximately half of these were car occupants and about 60 percent of these occurred in frontal impacts. The next stage to improve a car's safety performance in frontal impacts is to improve its compatibility. The objective of the FIMCAR FP7 EU-project was to develop an assessment approach suitable for regulatory application to control a car's frontal impact and compatibility crash performance and perform an associated cost benefit analysis for its implementation. This paper reports the cost benefit analyses performed to estimate the effect of the following potential changes to the frontal impact regulation: • Option 1 " No change and allow current measures to propagate throughout the vehicle fleet. • Option 2 " Add a full width test to the current offset Deformable Barrier (ODB) test. • Option 3 " Add a full width test and replace the current ODB test with a Progressive Deformable Barrier (PDB) test. For the analyses national data were used from Great Britain (STATS 19) and from Germany (German Federal Statistical Office). In addition in-depth real word crash data were used from CCIS (Great Britain) and GIDAS (Germany). To estimate the benefit a generalised linear model, an injury reduction model and a matched pairs modelling approach were applied. The benefits were estimated to be: for Option 1 "No change" about 2.0%; for Option 2 "FW test" ranging from 5 to 12% and for Option 3 "FW and PDB tests" 9 to 14% of car occupant killed and seriously injured casualties.

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Author:Mervyn J. Edwards, Richard W. Cuerden, Jennifer Price, Jeremy Broughton, Marcus WischORCiD, Claus Pastor, Thorsten Adolph
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2013/09/05
Year of first publication:2013
Contributing corporation:Transport Research Laboratory <Wokingham>
Release Date:2013/09/05
Tag:Anfahrversuch; Deutschland; Fahrzeug; Frontalzusammenstoß; Kompatibilität; Konferenz; Prognose; Prüfverfahren; Technische Vorschriften (Kraftfahrzeug); Vereinigtes Königreich; Veränderung; Wirtschaftlichkeitsrechnung
Compatibility; Conference; Cost benefit analysis; Forecast; Germany; Head on collision; Impact test (veh); Modification; Test method; United kingdom; Vehicle; Vehicle regulations
Source:5th International Conference on ESAR 2012
Institutes:Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik / Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik
Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 10 Wirtschaft und Verwaltung
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 91 Fahrzeugkonstruktion
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 5th International Conference on ESAR
Licence (German):License LogoBASt / Link zum Urhebergesetz

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