Causation of traffic accidents with children from the perspective of all involved participants

  • In the year 2014 about 2,800 children between zero and 14 years got injured due to traffic accidents in Austria. More than 50% were taking part in traffic as active road users like cyclists or pedestrians. Within this study 46 real world traffic accidents between vehicles and children as pedestrians were analysed. In 39 cases, car drivers hit the crossing children. In the other cases, the collision opponents were busses, trucks or motorcycles. Most of the children got hit while crossing a road at urban sites. By analysing the traffic accidents from the perspectives of all involved participants, vehicle drivers and injured children, it is possible to identify factors for each participant, which led to the accident and factors that contributed the accident. The main task is to find patterns in the behaviour of crash victims (children and driver) before the collision. One important fact is that in more than 50% of the analysed cases sight obstructions were an important contributing factor for both, the driver and the child. From drivers view situations in which the child moved unexpected into the driven road lane were often found. For the injured child, factors like: no attention to the road traffic or no sufficient traffic observation were found to be relevant. Further it- possible to sensitise children and adults to possible source of critical traffic situations according to the findings of this study.

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Metadaten
Author:Martin Weinberger, Ernst Tomasch, Heinz Hoschopf, Hermann Steffan, Peter Spitzer, Franz Kleewein
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:opus-bast-18245
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2017/10/17
Contributing corporation:Institut für Fahrzeugsicherheit (Graz)
Release Date:2017/10/17
Tag:Analyse (math); Deutschland; Fahrbahnüberquerung; Fahrzeug; Kind; Konferenz; Menschlicher Faktor; Sichtbarkeit; Unfall; Unfallrekonstruktion; Untersuchung am Unfallort; Ursache; Zusammenstoß; Österreich
Accident; Accident reconstruction; Analysis (math); Austria; Cause; Child; Collision; Conference; Crossing the road; Germany; Human factor; On the spot accident investigation; Vehicle; Visibility
Comment:
Außerdem beteiligt: Große Schützen Kleine (Österreichisches Komitee zur Unfallverhütung im Kindesalter), Universitätklinik Graz; ÖAMTC Fahrtechnik GmbH, Lang
Source:7th International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research" 2016
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 7th International Conference on ESAR

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