A study on injuries and kinematics in pedestrian accidents involved minivan and sedan

  • The paper aims to study the injury risk and kinematics of pedestrians involved in different passenger vehicle collisions. Furthermore, the difference of pedestrian kinematics in the accidents involved minivan and sedan was analyzed. The 18 sample cases of passenger car to pedestrian collisions were selected from the database of In-depth Investigation of Vehicle Accident in Changsha of China (IVAC),of which the 12 pedestrian accidents involved in a minivan impact for each case, and the 6 accidents in a sedan impact for each. The selected cases were reconstructed by using mathematical models of pedestrians and accident vehicles in a multi-body dynamic code MADYMO environment. The logistic regression models of the risks for pedestrian AIS 3+ injuries and fatalities were developed in terms of vehicle impact speed by analyzing the minivan-pedestrian and sedan-pedestrian accidents. The difference of pedestrian kinematics was identified by comparing the results from reconstructed pedestrian accidents between the minivans and sedans collisions. The result shows that there is a significant correlation among the impact speed and the severity of pedestrian injuries. The minivan poses greater risk to pedestrian than sedan at the same impact speed. The kinematics of pedestrian was greatly influenced by vehicle front shape.

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Author:Guibing Li, Jin Nie, Jikuang Yang, Xuenong Zhou, Chao Zhang, Xiaoping Yu, Weiqiang Li, Meichuan Wang
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2013/09/05
Contributing corporation:Research Centre of Vehicle and Traffic Safety <Changsa>
Release Date:2013/09/05
Tag:China; Deutschland; Fußgänger; Geschwindigkeit; Konferenz; PKW; Prognose; Regressionsanalyse; Risiko; Schweregrad (Unfall; Simulation; Tödlicher Unfall; Unfallrekonstruktion; Verletzung; Verletzung); Zusammenstoß
Car; China; Collision; Conference; Fatality; Forecast; Germany; Injury; Pedestrian; Reconstruction (accid); Regression analysis; Risk; Severity (accid; Simulation; Speed; injury)
Außerdem beteiligt: Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Vehicle Safety; Hunan Police Academy; Department of Public Security of Hunan Province; Traffic Police Branch of Changsha Police Station of Hunan Province; The Armed Police Hospital of Changsha; The Fourth Hospital of Changsha
Source:5th International Conference on ESAR
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 5th International Conference on ESAR

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