Adult front car occupant thorax injury experience following frontal impacts

  • The following paper presents the nature and mechanism of injuries sustained in frontal impacts, focusing on car to car impacts. It was found that the body regions most frequently sustaining severe to fatal injuries were the legs and the thorax. The nature and mechanism of the injury sustained was investigated only for the thorax injuries, due to their potentially life threatening nature. The analysis revealed that the most frequent cause of the injury recorded was the seatbelt for low severity injuries and the front structure of the vehicle for higher severity injuries. An analysis of the effect of load limiter technology in the restraint system showed that the proportion of occupants who sustained "no thorax injury" did not increase when a load limiter was fitted to the restraint system. However, a decrease in the "organ" and "organ and skeletal" injuries was observed in the load limiter sample. Sample size and variation mean that these findings are not conclusive.

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Author:P. Massie, M.J. Edwards, D.C. Richards, R.W. Cuerden, A. Thompson, O. Goodarce
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/02
Contributing corporation:Transport Research Laboratory
Release Date:2012/08/02
Tag:Brustkorb; Frontalzusammenstoß; Konferenz; Schweregrad (Unfall; Sicherheitsgurt; Verletzung; Verletzung); passives Sicherheitssystem
Conference; Head on collision; Injury; Passive safety system; Safety belt; Severity (accid; Thorax; injury)
Source:3rd International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S. 427-440
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 3rd International Conference on ESAR

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