The dynamic responses and head injury correlations of child pedestrians involved in vehicle accidents

  • This study is aimed to investigate the correlations of impact conditions and dynamic responses with the injuries and injury severity of child pedestrians by accident reconstruction. For this purpose, the pedestrian accident cases were selected from Sweden and Germany with detailed information about injuries, accident cars, and accident environment. The selected accident cases were reconstructed using mathematical models of pedestrian and passenger car. The pedestrian models were generated based on the height, weight, and age of the pedestrian involved in accidents. The car models were built up based on the corresponding accident car. The impact speeds in simulations were defined based on the reported data. The calculated physical quantities were analyzed to find the correlation with injury outcomes registered in the accident database. The reconstruction approaches are discussed in terms of data collection, estimating vehicle impact speeds, pedestrian moving speeds and initial posture, secondary ground impact, validity of the mathematical models, as well as impact biomechanics.

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Metadaten
Author:J. K. Yang, J. F. Yao, Dietmar Otte
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:opus-bast-4442
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/01
Contributing corporation:Chalmers University of Technology <Göteborg>
Release Date:2012/08/01
Tag:Biomechanik; Datenbank; Datenerfassung; Dynamik; Fußgänger; Geschwindigkeit; Kind; Konferenz; Korrelation (math; Modell; PKW; Rechenmodell; Schweregrad (Unfall; Simulation; Unfall; Unfallrekonstruktion; Verletzung; Verletzung); stat)
Accident; Biomechanics; Car; Child; Conference; Correlation (math; Data acquisition; Data bank; Dynamics; Head; Injury; Mathematical model; Model (not math); Pedestrian; Reconstruction (accid); Severity (accid; Simulation; Speed; injury); stat)
Comment:
Weitere beteiligte Körperschaft: Medizinische Hochschule Hannover / Verkehrsunfallforschung
Source:1st International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S. 125-135
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 91 Fahrzeugkonstruktion
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 1st International Conference on ESAR

$Rev: 13581 $