In-depth study of front seat occupants in accidents in relation to seat-belt use of rear seat passengers

  • Sedan type vehicles in which adult rear seat passengers were present and which were involved in frontal collisions were investigated, and the influence of unbelted rear seat passengers on the injuries of front seat occupants was studied. Unbelted rear seat passengers move forward during impact. It was observed that there were not only cases in which front seat occupants sustained injuries caused by direct contact with rear seat passengers, but also cases where front seat occupants received severe injuries due to additional force from rear seat passengers, either impacting directly or indirectly as a result of deformation of the front seat. Severe injuries of front seat occupants were observed in the latter cases. This research validates the importance of seat-belt use for rear seat passengers, not only to protect themselves but also to mitigate injuries of front seat occupants.

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Author:M. Shimamura, K. Okamura, H. Ohashi, M. Yamazaki
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/01
Contributing corporation:Institute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis <Tokyo>
Release Date:2012/08/01
Tag:Fahrer; Fahrzeug; Fahrzeugsitz; Frontalzusammenstoß; Hinten; Insasse; Konferenz; Schweregrad (Unfall; Sicherheitsgurt; Verletzung; Verletzung); Vorn
Conference; Driver; Front; Head on collision; Injury; Rear; Safety belt; Seat (veh); Severity (accid; Vehicle; Vehicle occupant; injury)
Source:1st International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S. 274-281
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 1st International Conference on ESAR

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