Sensitivity of car with guardrail impacts with a multibody simulation tool

  • The European Union has set a target to reduce all road fatalities (over 40,000) with 50% in 2010. This target percentage remained unchanged with the introduction of the ten new member states within the EU as by May 1st, 2004. According to Eurostat, 34% of all fatalities in 1998 in the, then, fifteen states of the European Union were the result of single vehicle collisions. This represents over 14,000 lives lost each year of which many can likely be saved through better roadside infrastructure design. The challenge for road safety professionals is to find methods and design strategies that help to reduce these casualties. Procedures for full-scale vehicle crash testing of guard rails were first published in the US in 1962. Present European regulation is mainly based on these procedures and later developments. Since then the vehicle fleet has changed considerably. Due to the complexity of the actual safety problem the numerical simulation approach offers a good opportunity to evaluate the different parameters involved in road safety, such as infrastructure properties, vehicle type, vehicle occupants and injuries. The ideal situation would be that simulation tools are coupled or integrated and all involved effects would be related. At the moment this is not the case yet, but initiatives are taken and a new virtual era has started. This paper offers a method looking at two components that encompass the driving environment: the car and the guardrail. As part of the EC-funded project, RISER (Roadside Infrastructure for Safer European Roads) a multi body simulation program study is carried out to determine sensitivities of some parameters in car to guardrail collisions and gives insides in performance of the car with passive safety equipment, the guardrail and the interaction of these objects with each other. By offering a set of methods that includes these two aspects and their intertwining relations, more confidence can be gained in actually reducing fatalities due to single vehicle collisions with, or due to, roadside furniture. Reducing the number of fatalities of single vehicle crashes would contribute greatly to the stated goal of reducing casualties altogether.

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Author:C.W. Klootwijk, R.H. Hoogvelt
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/01
Contributing corporation:TNO Automotive
Release Date:2012/08/01
Tag:Eins; Europa; Fahrzeug; Forschungsarbeit; Konferenz; Schutzeinrichtung; Simulation; Tödlicher Unfall; Unfall ; Unfallverhütung
Accident; Accident prevention; Conference; Europe; Fatality; One; Research projekt; Safety fence; Simulation; Vehicle
Source:2nd International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research, S. 194-196
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 82 Unfall und Verkehrsinfrastruktur
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 2nd International Conference on ESAR

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