Enhancing the occlusion technique as an assessment tool for driver visual distraction

  • This article describes the development of techniques to minimize automobile driver distraction when an in-vehicle information systems (IVIS) that requires visual attention is in use. The authors explain the visual occlusion technique that has been developed as a tool for the assessment of the in-vehicle human-machine interface (HMI) of IVIS in terms of visual demands. The authors addressed an unresolved issue in previous standardized experimental protocols - how subjects make use of the occluded intervals and how this might affect the assessments of visual demands. This study protocol assumed that subjects would continue task performance during occluded periods, leading to an underestimation of visual demands by the occlusion parameters "total shutter open time" (TSOT) and the "occlusion index". The authors predicted that a simple additional loading task to be performed in parallel could disrupt IVIS task performance during the occluded period leading to higher estimations of visual demands by TSOT and R. Their prediction was confirmed by the study findings. The results also showed that under the condition of additional auditory tracking, TSOT and R discriminated more clearly between an "easy" and a "difficult" IVIS task than under the standard condition. They conclude with a discussion of the implications of this research for designers of assessment tools for driver visual distractions.

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Author:Christhard Gelau, Roland Schindhelm
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2012/05/08
Release Date:2012/05/08
Tag:Ablenkung (psychol); Augenbewegungen; Fahrer; Fahrerassistenzsystem; Fahrerinformation; Fahrsimulator; Fahrzeuginnenraum; Grenzfläche; Optische Anzeige; Reaktionsverhalten; Stress; Verhalten; Wahrnehmung
Behaviour; Distraction; Driver; Driver assistance system; Driver information; Eye movement; Interface; Interior (veh); Perception; Reaction (human); Simulator (driving); Stress (psychol); Visual display
Source:IET Intelligent Transport Systems, Jg. 4, 2010, H. 4, S. 346"355.
Institutes:Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik / Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch

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