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Systematic of analysis of human accident causation : seven steps methodology ; abbreviated system for the assessment of accident causation in in-depth accident studies

  • The "Seven Steps Method" is an analysis and classification system, which describes the human participation factors and their causes in the temporal sequence (from the perceptibility to concrete action errors) taking into consideration the logical sequence of individual basic functions. By means of the "seven steps" it is possible to describe the relevant human causes of accidents from persons involved in the accident in an economic way with a sufficient degree of exactitude, because the causes can be further differentiated in their value (e.g. diversion as external diversion with regard to impact due to surroundings) and their sub values (e.g. external diversion with regard to impact due to surroundings in the shape of a "capture" of the perception by a prominent object of the traffic environment). Theoretically it is possible that one or more causing moments can be assigned to a person involved in an accident in each of the "seven steps"; however it is also possible to sufficiently clarify the cause in only one level (examples for this are described). In the practice of accident investigation at the site of the accident, the sequence chart is also relevant. With its assistance the questioning of the people involved in an accident can be accomplished in a structured way by assigning a set of questions to each step.

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Author:B. Pund, Dietmar Otte, Michael Jänsch
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/01
Contributing corporation:TÜV-Nord-Gruppe
Release Date:2012/08/01
Tag:Datenerfassung; Konferenz; Unfall; Ursache; menschlicher Faktor
Accident; Cause; Conference; Data acquisition; Human factor
Weitere beteiligte Körperschaft: Medizinische Hochschule Hannover / Verkehrsunfallforschung
Source:2nd International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S. 204-211
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 2nd International Conference on ESAR

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