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Bicyclist : bicyclist crashes ; a medical and technical crash analysis

  • The purpose of this study was to analyse the actual injury situation of bicyclists regarding accidents involving more than one bicyclist. Bicyclists were included in a medical and technical analysis to create a basis for preventive measures and discovered repeating accident patterns and circumstances such as daytime, environment, helmet use rate. Technical and medical data were collected at the scene, shortly after accident. The population was compared focusing on bicycle versus bicycle accidents. Technical analysis included speed at crash, type of collision, impact angle, environment, used lane and relative velocity. Medical analysis included injury pattern and severity (AIS, ISS). Included were 578 injured bicyclists in 289 accidents from years 1999 to 2008, 61 percent were male (n=350) and 39 percent female (n=228). Sixty-seven percent ranged between 18 to 64 years of age, twelve percent each between 13 to 17 years of age and older than 65 years, eight percent between 6 to 12 years and one percent between 2 to 5 years.. Crashes took place in urban areas in 92 percent, in rural areas in 8 percent. Weather conditions were dry lanes in 97 percent and wet conditions in 3 percent. Eighty-three percent of all accidents happened during daytime, ten percent during night, and seven percent during dawn. The helmet use rate was only 7,5 percent in all involved bicyclists. The mean Maximum Abbreviated injury scale, Injury severity score was 1,31. Bicyclists are still minimally- or unprotected road users. The helmet use rate is unsatisfactorily low. The incidence of bicycle to bicycle crashes is high. Most of these accidents take place in urban areas. The level and pattern of injuries is moderate. Most of the more severe injuries occur to the head and could have been avoided by frequent helmet use.

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Metadaten
Author:Stephan Brand, Dietmar Otte, Christian Mueller, Christian Stuebig, Christian Krettek, Carl Haasper
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:opus-bast-5051
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/03
Contributing corporation:Unfallchirurgische Klinik Hannover
Release Date:2012/08/03
Tag:Benutzung; Konferenz; Radfahrer; Schutzhelm; Schweregrad (Unfall; Statistik; Unfallhäufigkeit; Verletzung)
Accident; Accident rate; Conference; Crash helmet; Cyclist; Severity (accid; Statistics; Use; injury)
Comment:
Weitere beteiligte Körperschaft: Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
Source:4rd International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S.256-264
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 81 Unfallstatistik
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 4th International Conference on ESAR

$Rev: 13581 $