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A prospective and interdisciplinary study on polytraumata in traffic accidents

  • While many medical studies have dealt with the incidence, nature and treatment of polytrauma the injury-causing accident mechanisms are rarely discussed in detail, mostly due to the lack of documentation of the technical aspects. The present prospective study was started in late 2007 and collects data from traffic accidents with most severely injured in six south- German counties and two larger cities for the duration of one year. It is aimed at identifying and documenting all polytrauma cases (ISS ≥ 16) caused by traffic accidents and their crash circumstances. The data collection is based on an interdisciplinary concept to include both the police, emergency dispatch centers, hospitals and fire departments in the region and is completely anonymous. Potentially relevant cases where an emergency physician was called to the scene of a traffic accident are provided by the dispatch center. All three hospitals in the region suited for the treatment of polytraumatised patients record injuries, major diagnostic and surgery data. Data and images from the accident scene are provided by the police and by fire departments. The latter provide information which is usually not available from the police, like deployed airbags, vehicle extrication measures and detailed views of car interiors. The main objective of the study is to determine the structure of road users who sustain a polytrauma, their crash opponents and the injury patterns found in relation to the collision configuration and the protection by seat belts, air bags and other devices. With detailed documentation of vehicle damage and extrication measures the study is also intended to support the development of injury predictors for pre-hospital treatment and provide field data regarding further improvement of technical rescue.

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Metadaten
Author:A. Malczyk, E. Mayr, M. Ecker, A. Feitenhansl, C. Weber, L Lampl, M. Helm, M. Kulla, F. Gebhard, U. Liener
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:opus-bast-4602
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/02
Contributing corporation:Unfallforschung der Versicherer
Release Date:2012/08/02
Tag:Analyse (math); Datenerfassung; Deutschland; Konferenz; Schweregrad (Unfall; Statistik; Tödlicher Unfall; Unfall; Ursache; Verletzung; Verletzung)
Accident; Analysis (math); Cause; Conference; Data acquisition; Fatality; Germany; Injury; Severity (accid; Statistics; injury)
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 3rd International Conference on ESAR

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