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Possibilities of in-depth investigation methodology for injury and accident prevention on the example of car accidents with rollover : an in-depth analysis by GIDAS

  • This paper describes the methodology of In-Depth Investigation in Germany on the example of GIDAS (German In-Depth Accident Study). Since 1999 in Germany a joint project between FAT (Forschungsvereinigung Automobiltechnik or Automotive Industry Research Association) and BASt (Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen or the Federal Road Research Institute) is being carried out in Hannover and Dresden. The methodology of this project is based on a statistically orientated procedure of data sampling (sampling plan, weighting factors). The paper describes the possibilities of such in-depth investigation on the results of the offered title. The accident cases were collected randomly within GIDAS at Hannover. There are more cases existing from previous investigation started in 1985 under the same methodology. The portion of rollovers can be established at 3.7% of all accidents with casualties in the year 2000. For the study 434 cases of car accidents with rollovers are used for a detail comprehensive analysis. The accidents happened in the years 1994 to 2000 in the Hannover area. The injury distribution will report about 741 occupants with rollover accident event. The presented paper will give an overview of the accident situations following in rollover movements of cars. The distributions of injury frequencies, injury severity AIS for the whole body and for the body regions of occupants will be presented and compared to technical details like the impact speed and the deformation pattern. The speed of the car was determined at the point of rollover and on the point of accident initiency. The characteristics of the kinematics followed in a rollover movement are analyzed and the major defined types of rollover will be shown in the paper. The paper will describe the possibilities of In-Depth Investigation methods for the approach of finding countermeasures on the example of car accidents with rollover and explaining the biomechanics of injuries in rollover movements.

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Author:Dietmar Otte
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/01
Contributing corporation:Medizinische Hochschule Hannover / Verkehrsunfallforschung
Release Date:2012/08/01
Tag:Datenbank; Deutschland; Fahrzeug; Geschwindigkeit; Konferenz; Schweregrad (Unfall; Unfall; Unfallverhütung; Untersuchung am Unfallort; Verformung; Verhalten; Verletzung; Verletzung); Verschiebung; Überschlagen
Accident; Accident prevention; Behaviour; Conference; Data bank; Deformation; Germany; Injury; Movement; On the spot accident investigation; Overturning (veh); Severity (accid; Speed; Vehicle; injury)
Source:1st International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S. 24-37
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 73 Verkehrsregelung
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 1st International Conference on ESAR

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