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Tool for the determination of influence parameters on the accident emergence during the pre-crash phase as an enhancement of the Accident Causation Analysis System ACAS

  • Introduction: The method of causation analysis applied under the German accident survey GIDAS, which is based on Accident Causation Analysis System (ACAS) focuses on an on-scene data collection of predominantly directly event-related causation factors which were crucial in the accident emergence as situational resulting events and influences. The paradigm underlying this method refers to the findings of the psychological traffic accident research that most causally relevant features of the system components human, infrastructure and vehicle technology are found directly in the situation shortly before the accident. This justifies the survey method which is conducted directly at the accident (on-scene), shortly after the accident occurrence (in-time) with the detection of human-related causes (in-depth). Human aspects of the situation analysis that interact and influence the risk situations shortly before the collision are reported as errors, lapses, mistakes and failures in ACAS in specific categories and subcategories. Thus methodically ACAS is designed primarily for the collection of accident features on the level of operational action, which certainly leads to valid findings and behavioral causes of accidents. The enhancement by means of Moderating Conditions concerns the pre-crash phase in different levels: strategical, tactical and operational.

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Author:Bernd Pund, Michael Jänsch, Dietmar Otte
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2015/07/29
Year of first publication:2015
Contributing corporation:TÜV, Technische Überwachung Hessen GmbH
Release Date:2015/07/29
Tag:Aggression (psychol); Deutschland; Konferenz; Krankheit; Menschlicher Faktor; Rücksichtslosigkeit; Unfall; Unfallrekonstruktion; Untersuchung am Unfallort; Ursache
Accident; Accident reconstruction; Aggression (psycho); Cause; Conference; Germany; Human factor; Illness; On the spot accident investigation; Risk taking
Außerdem beteiligt: Verkehrsunfallforschung der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover
Source:6th International Conference on ESAR 2014
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 6th International Conference on ESAR
Licence (German):License LogoBASt

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