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Injury severity resulting from accidents with reversing cars

  • Injury severity of e.g. pedestrians or bikers after crashes with cars that are reversing is almost unknown. However, crash victims of these injuries can frequently be seen in emergency departments and account for a large amount of patients every year. The objective of this study is to analyze injury severity of patients that were crashed into by reversing cars. The Hannover Medical School local accident research unit prospectively documented 43,000 road traffic accidents including 234 crashes involving reversing cars. Injury severity including the abbreviated injury scale (AIS) and the maximum abbreviated injury scale (MAIS) was analyzed as well as the location of the accident. As a result 234 accidents were included into this study. Pedestrians were injured in 141 crashes followed by 70 accidents involving bikers. The mean age of all crash victims was 57 -± 23 years. Most injuries took place on straight stretches (n = 81) as well as parking areas (n = 59), entries (n = 36) or crossroads (n = 24). The AIS of the lower extremities was highest followed by the upper extremities. The AIS of the neck was lowest. The mean MAIS was 1.3 -± 0.6. The paper concludes that the lower extremities show the highest risk to become injured during accidents with reversing cars. However, the risk of severe injuries is likely low.

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Author:Sebastian Decker, Dietmar Otte, Chrstian W. Müller, Mohammed Omar, Christian Krettek, Stephan Brand
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2015/09/14
Year of first publication:2015
Contributing corporation:Klinik für Unfallchirurgie (Hannover)
Release Date:2015/09/14
Tag:Deutschland; Fußgänger; Konferenz; Motorradfahrer; Pkw; Radfahrer; Rückwärtsfahren; Schweregrad (Unfall, Verletzung); Unfall; Unfallrekonstruktion; Verletzung
Accident; Accident reconstruction; Car; Conference; Cyclist; Germany; Injury; Motorcyclist; Pedestrian; Reversing (veh); Severity (accid; injury)
Außerdem beteiligt: Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Verkehrsunfallforschung
Source:6th International Conference on ESAR 2014
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 6th International Conference on ESAR
Licence (German):License LogoBASt / Link zum Urhebergesetz

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