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Road Traffic Crashes in Europe Involving Older Car Occupants, Older Pedestrians or Cyclists in Crashes with Passenger Cars - Results from SENIORS

  • A reduction of around 48% of all road fatalities was achieved in Europe in the past years including a reduced number of fatalities with an older age. However, among all road fatalities, the proportion of elderly is steadily increasing. In an ageing society, the European (Horizon2020) project SENIORS aims to improve the safe mobility of older road users, who have different transportation habits compared to other age groups. To increase their level of safe mobility by determining appropriate requirements for vehicle safety systems, the characteristics of current road traffic collisions involving the elderly and the injuries that they sustain need to be understood in detail. Hereby, the paper focuses on their traffic participation as pedestrian, cyclist or passenger car occupant. Following a literature review, several national and international crash databases and hospital statistics have been analysed to determine the body regions most frequently and severely injured, specific injuries sustained and types of crashes involved, always comparing older road users (65 years and more) with mid-aged road users (25-64 years). The most important crash scenarios were highlighted. The data sources included European statistics from CARE, data on national level from Germany, Sweden, Italy, United Kingdom and Spain as well as in-depth crash information from GIDAS (Germany), RAIDS (UK), CIREN and NASS-CDS (US). In addition, familiar hospital data from Germany (TraumaRegister DGU-®), Italy (Italian Register of Acute Traumas) and UK hospital statistics (TARN) were included in the study to gain further insight into specific injury patterns. Comprehensive data analyses were performed showing injury patterns of older road users in crashes. When comparing with mid-aged road users, all databases showed that the thorax body region is of particularly high importance for the older car occupant with injury severities of AIS 2 or AIS 3+, whereas the body regions lower extremities, head and thorax need to be considered for the older pedestrians and cyclists. Besides these comparisons, the most frequent and severe top 5 injuries were highlighted per road user group. Further, the most important crash configurations were identified and injury risk functions are provided per age group and road user group. Although several databases have been analysed, the picture on the road safety situation of older road users in Europe was not complete, as only Western European data was available. The linkage between crash data and hospital data could only be made on a general level as their inclusion criteria were quite different.

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Author:Marcus WischORCiD, Markus Lerner, Elvir Vukovic, Roland Schäfer, David Hynd, Anita Fiorentino, Alba Fornells
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2018/09/11
Year of first publication:2017
Contributing corporation:Ford Werke
Release Date:2018/09/11
Tag:Alte Leute; Fahrer; Fußgänger; Insasse; Radfahrer; Schweregrad (Unfall, Verletzung); Unfall; Verletzung; Zusammenstoß
Accident; Collision; Cyclist; Driver; Injury; Old people; Pedestrian; Severity (accid, injury); Vehicle occupant
Außerdem beteiligt: Transport Research Laboratory; Fiat Chrysler Automobiles; Applus IDIADA Group.

Volltext: https://www-esv.nhtsa.dot.gov/Proceedings/25/25ESV-000398.pdf
Source:25th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), Paper No. 17-0398
Institutes:Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik / Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik
Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 91 Fahrzeugkonstruktion
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) / 25th ESV Conference 2017

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