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Anti lock braking and vehicle stability control for motorcycles - Why or why not?

  • In the last years there has been a decline in accident figures in Germany especially for four wheeled vehicles. At the same time, accident figures for motorcycles remained nearly constant. About 17 % of road traffic fatalities in the year 2006 were motorcyclists. 33 % of these riders were killed in single vehicle crashes. This leads to the conclusion that improving driving dynamics and driving stability of powered two wheelers would yield considerable safety gains. However, the well-known measures for cars and trucks with their proven effectiveness cannot be transferred easily to motorcycles. Therefore studies were carried out to examine the safety potential of Anti Lock Braking Systems (ABS) and Vehicle Stability Control (VSC) for motorcycles by means of accident analysis, driving tests and economical as well as technical assessment of the systems. With regard to ABS, test persons were assigned braking tasks (straight and in-curve) with five different brake systems with and without ABS. Stopping distances as well as stress and strain on the riders were measured for 9 test riders who completed 105 braking manoeuvres each. Knowing the ability of ABS to avoid falls during braking in advance of a crash and taking into account the system costs, a cost benefit analysis for ABS for motorcycles was carried out for different market penetration of ABS, i.e. equipment rates, and different time horizons. The potential of VSC for motorcycles was estimated in two steps. First the kinds of accidents that could be prevented by such a system at all have been analysed. For these accident configurations, simulations and driving tests were then performed to determine if a VSC was able to detect the critical driving situation and if it was technically possible to implement an actuator which would help to stabilise the critical situation.

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Author:Jost Gail, Joachim Funke, Patrick Seiniger, Ulrich Westerkamp
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2013/11/22
Year of first publication:2009
Contributing corporation:Fludicon GmbH <Darmstadt>
Release Date:2013/11/22
Tag:Antiblockiereinrichtung; Fahrstabilität; Konferenz; Motorrad; Simulation; Wirtschaftlichkeitsrechnung
Anti locking device; Conference; Cost benefit analysis; Motorcycle; Simulation; Vehicle handling
Weiterhin beteiligt: Technische Universität Darmstadt, Fachgebiet Fahrzeugtechnik; Institut für Verkehrswissenschaft <Köln>.
Source:Proceedings of the 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, June 15-18, 2009, Stuttgart, Germany
Institutes:Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik / Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik
Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 91 Fahrzeugkonstruktion
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) / 21st ESV Conference 2009

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