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Fatal traffic accidents in Lower Saxony : new approach to accident sampling and analysis of accident causes and configurations

  • In the context of this study, different data sources for accident research were examined regarding their possible data access and evaluated concerning the individual quality and extent of the data. Analyses of accidents require detailed and comprehensive information in particular concerning vehicle damages, injury patterns and descriptions of the accident sequence. The police documentation supplies the basic accident statistics and is amended in the context of the forensic treatment by further information, e.g. by medical and technical appraisals and witness questionings. As a new approach to the data acquisition for the analysis of fatal traffic accidents, the information was made usable which was collected by the police and by the investigations of the public prosecutor. The best strategy for obtaining reliable, extensive and complete data consists of combining the information from these two sources: the very complete, but elementary statistic data of the Niedersächsisches Landesamt für Statistik (Lower Saxony State Authority of Statistics), based on the police documentation as well as the very extensive accident information resulting from the investigation documentation of the public prosecutor after conclusion of the procedure, the so-called Court Records. Of all 715 fatal traffic accidents, which happened in the year 2003 in the German State of Lower Saxony, 238 cases were selected by means of a statistically coincidental selective procedure based on a statistically representative manner (every third accident). These cases cover the investigation documents of the 11 responsible public prosecutor- offices, which were requested and evaluated while preserving the data security. Of the 238 cases 202 cases were available, which were individually coded and stored in a data base using 160 variables. Thus a data base of a sample of representative data for fatal accidents in Lower Saxony was set up. The data base contains extensive information concerning general accident data (35 variables), concerning road and road surface data (30 variables), concerning vehicle-specific data (68 variables) as well as concerning personal and injury data (27 variables).

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Metadaten
Author:Michael Jänsch, Dietmar Otte, Christian Krettek
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:opus-bast-4011
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/01
Contributing corporation:Medizinische Hochschule Hannover / Verkehrsunfallforschung
Release Date:2012/08/01
Tag:Analyse (math); Datenbank; Datenerfassung; Deutschland; Interview; Konferenz; Schweregrad (Unfall; Statistik; Tödlicher Unfall; Ursache; Verletzung)
Analysis (math); Cause; Conference; Data acquisition; Data bank; Fatality; Germany; Interview; Severity (accid; Statistics; injury)
Source:2nd International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S. 96-109
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 81 Unfallstatistik
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 2nd International Conference on ESAR

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