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Proposal for a test procedure of assistance systems regarding preventive pedestrian protection

  • This paper is showing a proposal for a test procedure regarding preventive pedestrian protection based on accident analysis. Over the past years pedestrian protection has become an increasing importance also during the development phase of new vehicles. After a phase of focusing on secondary safety, there are current activities to detect a possible collision by assistance systems. Such systems have the task to inform the driver and/or automatically activate the brakes. How practical is such a system? In which kind of traffic situations will it work? How is it possible to check the effectiveness of such a system? To test the effectiveness, currently there are no generally approved identifiable procedures. It is reasonable that such a test should be based on real accidents. The test procedure should be designed to test all systems, independent of the system- working principle. The vFSS group (advanced Forward-looking Safety Systems) was founded to develop a proposal for a technology independent test procedure, which reflects the real accident situation. This contribution is showing the results of vFSS. The developed test procedure focuses on accidents between passenger cars and pedestrians. The results are based on analysis results of in-depth databases of GIDAS, German insurers and DEKRA and added by analysis of national and international statistics. The in-depth analysis includes many pre-crash situations with several influencing factors. The factors are e. g. speed of the car, speed of the pedestrian, moving direction and a possible obscuration of the pedestrian by an object. The results comprise also the different situations of adults and children. Furthermore, they include details regarding influence of the lighting conditions (daylight or night) especially with respect to the accident consequences. In fact, more accidents happen at daylight, but fatal accidents are more often at night. A clustering of parameter combinations was found which represents typical accident scenarios. There are six typical accident scenarios which were merged in four test scenarios. The test scenarios are varying the starting position of the pedestrian, the pedestrian size (adult or child) and the speed of the pedestrian, whereas the speed of the car will not be varied. To ensure the independency from used sensing technologies it is necessary to use a suitable dummy. For example, if sensors are based on infrared, the dummy should emit the temperature of a human being. The test procedure will identify the collision speed as the key parameter for assessing the effectiveness of the tested system. The collision speed is defined as the reduction between initial test speed of the car and impact speed. The assessment of the speed reduction value regarding the safety benefit, however, will be part of a separate procedure.

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Metadaten
Author:Walter Niewöhner, Franz Roth, Johann Gwehenberger, Christian Gruber, Matthias Kühn, Raimondo Sferco, Claus-Henry Pastor, Uwe Nagel, Michael Stanzel
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2014/02/11
Contributing corporation:DEKRA Automobil GmbH <Stuttgart>
Release Date:2014/02/11
Tag:Analyse (math); Erwachsener; Fahrerassistenzsystem; Fußgänger; Kind; Konferenz; Prüfverfahren; Unfall; Unfallverhütung
Accident; Accident prevention; Adult; Analysis (math); Child; Conference; Driver assistance system; Pedestrian; Test method
Comment:
Weiterhin beteiligt: Audi AG; Allianz-Zentrum für Technik; Bayerische Motorenwerke; Unfallforschung der Versicherer; Ford Deutschland; Daimler AG; Volkswagen AG.
Volltext: http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/esv/esv22/22ESV-000393.pdf
Source:Proceedings of the 22nd International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, June 13-16, 2011, Washington, D.C.
Institutes:Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik / Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik
Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 91 Fahrzeugkonstruktion
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) / 22nd ESV Conference 2011

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