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Injury patterns of older car occupants, older pedestrians or cyclists in road traffic crashes with passenger cars in Europe - results from SENIORS

  • Europe has benefited from a decreasing number of road traffic fatalities. However, the proportion of older road users increases steadily. In an ageing society, the SENIORS project aims to improve the safe mobility of older road users by determining appropriate requirements towards passive vehicle safety systems. Therefore, the characteristics of road traffic crashes involving the elderly people need to be understood. This paper focuses on car occupants and pedestrians or cyclists in crashes with modern passenger cars. Ten crash databases and four hospital statistics from Europe have been analysed to answer the questions on which body regions are most frequently and severely injured in the elderly, and specific injuries sustained by always comparing older (65 years and above) with mid‐aged road users (25‐64 years). It was found that the body region thorax is of particularly high importance for the older car occupant with injury severities of AIS2 or AIS3+, where as the lower extremities, head and the thorax need to be considered for older pedestrians and cyclists. Further, injury risk functions were provided. The hospital data analysis showed less difference between the age groups. The linkage between crash and hospital data could only be made on a general level as their inclusion criteria were quite different.

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Author:Marcus WischORCiD, Markus Lerner, Elvir Vukovic, David Hynd, Anita Fiorentino, Alba Fornells
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2018/09/18
Year of first publication:2017
Contributing corporation:Ford Werke
Release Date:2018/09/18
Tag:Alte Leute; Analyse (math); Fußgänger; Insasse; Radfahrer; Schweregrad (Unfall, Verletzung); Statistik; Tödlicher Unfall; Unfall; Verletzung
Accident; Analysis (math); Cyclist; Fatality; Injury; Old people; Pedestrian; Severity (accid, injury); Statistics; Vehicle occupant
Außerdem beteiligt: Transport Research Laboratory; Fiat Chrysler Automobiles; IDIADA.
Volltext: http://www.ircobi.org/wordpress/downloads/irc17/pdf-files/17.pdf
Source:IRCOBI Conference 2017, IRC-17-17
Institutes:Abteilung Verhalten und Sicherheit im Verkehr / Abteilung Verhalten und Sicherheit im Verkehr
Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik / Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik
Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / IRCOBI Conference Proceedings

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