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Development and validation of a reference vehicle for future research in passive safety

  • The objective was to develop and validate a crash trolley (reference vehicle) equipped with a compartment and a full restraint system for driver and front seat passenger which can be used in full scale crash testing. Furthermore, the crash trolley should have a suspension to show rotation and nick effects similar to real vehicles. Within the development phase the reference vehicle was build based on a European family car. Special attention was needed to provide appropriate strength to the trolley and its suspension. The reference vehicle is equipped with a restraint system consisting of airbags, pedals, seats, dashboard, and windscreen. On the front of the vehicle different crash barriers can be installed to provide miscellaneous deceleration pulses. For the validation phase a series of low and high speed crash tests with HIII dummies were conducted and compared with full scale tests. For the comparison deceleration pulse, dummy numbers and vehicle movement were analyzed. Validation tests with velocities up to 60 km/h showed promising results. The compartment and the suspension systems stayed stable. Rotation effects were comparable with full scale car crash tests. The airbags and seat belt system worked reasonable. The acceleration pulse compared to an Euro NCAP test had a similar characteristic but was in general slightly lower. After the successful validation the reference vehicle is already in use in different studies in the field of vehicle safety research at BASt.

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Author:Thorsten Adolph, Richard Damm, Nimoy Kanjuparambil, Ulrich Langer, Arno Meyna, Daniel Huster
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2014/02/12
Year of first publication:2013
Contributing corporation:Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung
Release Date:2014/02/12
Tag:Anfahrversuch; Deformierbare Barriere (Anpralltest); Eichung; Empfindlichkeit; Fahrzeug; Forschungsarbeit; Konferenz; Passives Sicherheitssystem
Calibration; Conference; Deformable barrier system (impact test); Impact test; Passive safety system; Research project; Sensitivity; Vehicle
Weiterhin beteiligt: Fachhochschule Köln; Universität Wuppertal; Fachhochschule Dortmund.

Link zum Volltext: http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/esv/esv23/23ESV-000446.pdf
Source:Proceedings of the 23rd International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, May 27-30, 2013, Seoul, Korea
Institutes:Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik / Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 91 Fahrzeugkonstruktion
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) / 23rd ESV Conference 2013

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