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Spine injuries in motor vehicle accidents - an analysis of 18353 traffic accidents between 1985 and 2004 with special consideration of injuries of the thoracolumbar spine in relation to injury mechanisms

  • This study aims to analyze spine injuries in motor vehicle accidents. Between 1985 and 2004 the Hannover accident research unit documented 18353 accidents. We identified 161 front passengers (0.53%) with cervical spine injuries, 84 (0.28%) with thoracic and 95 (0.31%) with lumbar injuries. Technical and medical data was reviewed. Patients" records were retrieved. X-rays were evaluated and fractures were classified according to the Magerl classification. 68% and 57% of thoracic and lumbar fractures occurred in accidents with multiple impacts. Delta-v was 50, 40 and 40 kph in passengers with cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine, resp. Passengers with spinal fractures frequently showed numerous concomitant injuries, e.g. additional vertebral fractures. The influence of seat belts and airbags is discussed. Patient work-up has to include a thorough investigation for additional injuries.

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Author:C.W. Müller, Dietmar Otte, Carl Haasper, Joachim Nehmzow, Christian Probst, Martin Panzica, Tobias Hüfner, Christian Krettek
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/02
Year of first publication:2009
Contributing corporation:Medizinische Hochschule Hannover Verkehrsunfallforschung
Release Date:2012/08/02
Tag:Brustkorb; Halswirbel; Knochenbruch; Konferenz; Schweregrad (Unfall; Sicherheitsgurt; Unfall; Verletzung); Wirbelsäule
Accident; Cervical vertebrae; Conference; Fracture (bone); Safety belt; Severity (accid; Spinal column; Thorax; injury)
Source:3rd International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S. 441-447
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 3rd International Conference on ESAR
Licence (German):License LogoBASt / Link zum Urhebergesetz

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