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European project AsPeCSS - interim result: Development of test scenarios based on identified accident scenarios

  • Within this paper different European accident data sources were used to investigate the causations and backgrounds of road traffic accidents with pedestrians. Analyses of high level national data and in-depth accident data from Germany and Great Britain was used to confirm and refine preliminary accident scenarios identified from other sources using a literature review. General observations made included that a high proportion of killed or seriously injured pedestrian casualties impacted by cars were in "dark" light conditions. Seven accident scenarios were identified (each divided into "daylight" and "dark" light conditions) which included the majority of the car front-to-pedestrian crash configurations. Test scenarios were developed using the identified accident scenarios and relevant parameters. Hypothetical parameters were derived to describe the performance of pedestrian pre-crash systems based on the assumption that these systems are designed to avoid false positives as a very high priority, i.e. at virtually all costs. As result, three "Base Test Scenarios" were selected to be developed in detail in the AsPeCSS project. However, further Enhanced Test Scenarios may be needed to address environmental factors such as darkness if it is determined that system performance is sensitive to these factors. Finally, weighting factors for the accident scenarios for Europe (EU-27) were developed by averaging and extrapolation of the available data. This paper represents interim results of Work Package 1 within the AsPeCSS project.

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Author:Marcus WischORCiD, Patrick SeinigerORCiD, Mervyn Edwards, Thomas Schaller, Mònica Pla, Andrés Aparicio, Stéphane Geronimi, Nils Lubbe
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2014/02/11
Year of first publication:2013
Contributing corporation:Transport Research Laboratory (TRL)
Release Date:2014/02/11
Tag:Aktives Sicherheitssystem; Analyse (math); Deutschland; Europa; Fahrbahnüberquerung; Fahrzeug; Fußgänger; Geschwindigkeit; Nacht; Schweregrad /Unfall; Tageslicht; Tödlicher Unfall; Unfall; Ursache; Vereinigtes Königreich; Verletzung); Zusammenstoß
Accident; Active safety system; Analysis (math); Cause; Collision; Crossing the road (pedestrian); Daylight; Europe; Fatality; Germany; Night; Pedestrian; Severity (accid; Speed; United Kingdom; Vehicle; injury)
Weiterhin beteiligt: BMW Group ; Applus IDIADA Group ; PSA Peugeot Citroën ; Toyota Motor Europe.

Link zum Volltext: http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/esv/esv23/23ESV-000405.pdf
Source:Proceedings of the 23rd International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, May 27-30, 2013, Seoul, Korea
Institutes:Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik / Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 91 Fahrzeugkonstruktion
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) / 23rd ESV Conference 2013

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