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In-depth investigation of vehicle traffic injuries in Changsha of China

  • This study aimed to identify the occurrence, type and mechanisms of the traumatic injuries of the vulnerable road users in vehicle collisions, and to determine the effects of human, engineering, and environment factors on traffic accidents and injuries. The pedestrian accident cases were collected in the years 2000 to 2005 from Changsha Wujing hospital China and Accident Research Unit at Medical University Hannover in Germany. A statistic analysis was carried out using the collected accident data. The results from analysis of Changsha data were compared with results from analysis of GIDAS data Hannover. The injury severities were determined using AIS code and ISS values. The results were presented in terms of cause of injuries, injury distributions, injury patterns, injury severity. The factors influenced the injury outcomes were proposed and discussed for the vehicle transport environment and road users. The results were discussed with regard to accident data collection, accident sampling and injury distributions etc. In the urban area of Changsha, motorcycles and passenger cars are most frequently involved in vehicle pedestrian accidents. Head and lower extremities injuries are the predominant types of pedestrian injuries. The pedestrian accidents were identified as vital issue in urban traffic safety and therefore a high priority should be given to this road user group in research of safe urban transportation. In Hannover area, cars are most frequently involved in traffic accidents, injured pedestrians are involved in road traffic of Germany in 13% of all causalities only in 2005 and have nearly the same number as motorcyclists, but the half of bicyclists.

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Author:C. Y. Kong, J. K. Yang, L. Li, W. Q. Li, Z. Zhao, Dietmar Otte
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2012/08/01
Contributing corporation:Hunan University <Changsha>
Release Date:2012/08/01
Tag:Alter; China; Deutschland; Fußgänger; Konferenz; Menschlicher Körper; Schweregrad (Unfall; Unfall; Verletzung; Verletzung)
Accident; Age; China; Conference; Germany; Human body; Injury; Pedestrian; Severity (accid; injury)
Weiere beteiligte Körperschaften: WuJing Hospital <Changsha>; Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
Source:2nd International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research", S. 38-46
Institutes:Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 2nd International Conference on ESAR

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