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A new generic frontal occupant sled test set-up developed within the EU-project SENIORS

  • One main objective of the EU-Project SENIORS is to provide improved methods to assess thoracic injury risk to elderly occupants. In contribution to this task paired simulations with a THOR dummy model and human body model will be used to develop improved thoracic injury risk functions. The simulation results can provide data for injury criteria development in chest loading conditions that are underrepresented in PMHS test data sets that currently proposed risk functions are based on. To support this approach a new simplified generic but representative sled test fixture and CAE model for testing and simulation were developed. The parameter definition and evaluation of this sled test fixture and model is presented in this paper. The justification and definition of requirements for this test set-up was based on experience from earlier studies. Simple test fixtures like the gold standard sled fixture are easy to build and also to model in CAE, but provide too severe belt-only loading. On the other hand a vehicle buck including production components like airbag and seat is more representative, but difficult to model and to be replicated at a different laboratory. Furthermore some components might not be available for physical tests at later stage. The basis of the SENIORS generic sled test set-up is the gold standard fixture with a cable seat back and foot rest. No knee restraint was used. The seat pan design was modified including a seat ramp. The three-point belt system had a generic adjustable load limiter. A pre-inflated driver airbag assembly was developed for the test fixture. Results of THOR test and simulations in different configurations will be presented. The configurations include different deceleration pulses. Further parameter variations are related to the restraint system including belt geometry and load limiter levels. Additionally different settings of the generic airbag were evaluated. The test set-up was evaluated and optimized in tests with the THOR-M dummy in different test configurations. Belt restraint parameters like D-ring position and load limiter setting were modified to provide moderate chest loading to the occupant. This resulted in dummy readings more representative of the loading in a contemporary vehicle than most available PMHS sled tests reported in the literature. However, to achieve a loading configuration that exposes the occupant to even less severe loading comparable to modern vehicle restraints it might be necessary to further modify the test set-up. The new generic sled test set-up and a corresponding CAE model were developed and applied in tests and simulations with THOR. Within the SENIORS project with this test set-up also volunteer and PMHS as well as HBM simulations are performed, which will be reported in other publications. The test environment can contribute in future studies to the assessment of existing and new frontal impact dummies as well as dummy improvements and related instrumentation. The test set-up and model could also serve as a new standard test environment for PMHS and volunteer tests as well as HBM simulations.

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Author:Andre EggersORCiD, Julian OttORCiD, Bengt Pipkorn, Dan Brase, Krystoffer Mroz, Francisco Lopez-Valdes, David Hynd, Steffen Peldschus
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2018/09/25
Year of first publication:2017
Contributing corporation:Autoliv Research
Release Date:2018/09/25
Tag:Alte Leute; Aufprallschlitten; Brustkorb; Crashtest; Dummy; Insasse; Simulation; Verletzung; Vorne
Anthropometric dummy; Front; Impact sled; Impact test (veh); Injury; Old people; Simulation; Thorax; Vehicle occupant
Ausserdem beteiligt: University of Zaragoza; TRL Ltd.; Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich.
Volltext: http://indexsmart.mirasmart.com/25esv/PDFfiles/25ESV-000261.pdf
Source:25th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), Paper No. 17-0261
Institutes:Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik / Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik
Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 91 Fahrzeugkonstruktion
BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) / 25th ESV Conference 2017

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