Development of road safety performance indicators for trauma management in Europe

  • Trauma management (TM) covers two types of medical treatment: the initial one provided by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and a further one provided by permanent medical facilities. There is a consensus in the professional literature that to reduce the severity and the number of road crash victims, the TM system should provide rapid and adequate initial care of injury, combined with sufficient further treatment at a hospital or trauma centre. Recognizing the important role of TM for reducing road crash injury outcome, it was decided, within the EU funded SafetyNet project, to develop road safety performance indicators (SPIs) which would characterize the level of TM systems" performance in European countries and enable country comparisons. The concept of TM SPIs was developed based on a literature study of performance indicators in TM, a survey of available practices in Europe and data availability examinations. A set of TM SPIs was introduced including 14 indicators which characterize five issues such as: availability of EMS stations; availability and composition of EMS medical staff; availability and composition of EMS transportation units; characteristics of the EMS response time, and availability of trauma beds in permanent medical facilities. Basic information on the TM systems was collected in close cooperation with the national expert group. A dataset with TM SPIs for 21 countries was created. It was demonstrated that the countries can be compared using selected TM SPIs. Moreover, a more general comparison of the TM systems' performance in the countries is possible, using multiple ranking and statistical weighting techniques. By both methods, final estimates were received enabling the recognition of groups of countries with similar levels of the TM system's performance. The results of various trials were consistent as to the recognition of countries with high or low level of the TM systems" performance, where in grouping countries with intermediate levels of the TM system's performance some differences were observed. The SafetyNet project's practice demonstrated that data collection for estimating TM SPIs is not an easy task but is realizable for the majority of countries. The TM SPIs" message is currently limited to the availability of trauma care services. Further development of the TM SPIs should focus on characteristics of actual treatment supplied, based on combined police and medical road crash related databases.

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Author:Victoria Gitelman, Kerstin Auerbach, Etti Doveh
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2015/09/22
Year of first publication:2013
Contributing corporation:Road Safety Research Center
Release Date:2015/09/22
Tag:Erste Hilfe; Europa; Krankenhaus; Leistungsfähigkeit (allg); Medizinische Gesichtspunkte; Sicherheit; Tödlicher Unfall; Unfall; Verletzung
Accident; Efficiency; Europe; Fatality; First aid; Hospital; Injury; Medical aspects; Safety
Außerdem beteiligt: The Technion Statistical Laboratory (Haifa).
Volltext unter: doi:10.1016/j.aap.2012.08.006
Source:Accident analysis & prevention. - 60 (2013), S. 412-423
Institutes:Abteilung Verhalten und Sicherheit im Verkehr / Abteilung Verhalten und Sicherheit im Verkehr
Sonstige / Sonstige
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
collections:BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden

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