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A draft regulation for driver assist systems addressing truck-cyclist blind spot accidents

Seiniger, Patrick ; Gail, Jost ; Schreck, Benjamin

Originalveröffentlichung: (2017) 25th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV), Paper No. 17-0198

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Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Fahrerassistenzsystem , Lkw , Radfahrer , Toter Winkel , Zusammenstoss
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Blind spot (veh) , Collision , Cyclist , Driver assistance system , Lorry
Collection 1: BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) / 25th ESV Conference 2017
Collection 2: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch
Collection 3: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 91 Fahrzeugkonstruktion
Institut 1: Abteilung Straßenverkehrstechnik
Institut 2: Abteilung Fahrzeugtechnik
DDC-Sachgruppe: Ingenieurwissenschaften
Dokumentart: InProceedings (Aufsatz / Paper einer Konferenz etc.)
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2017
Publikationsdatum: 17.09.2018
Bemerkung: Volltext: http://indexsmart.mirasmart.com/25esv/PDFfiles/25ESV-000198.pdf
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Accidents between right turning trucks and straight driving cyclists often show massive consequences. Accident severity in terms of seriously or fatally injured cyclists that are involved is much higher than in accidents of other traffic participants in other situations. It seems clear that adding additional mirrors will very likely not improve the situation. At ESV 2015, a methodology to derive test procedures and first test cases as well as requirements for a driver assist system to address blind spot accidents has been presented. However, it was unclear if and how testing of these cases is feasible, to what extent characteristics of different truck concepts (e.g. articulated vehicles, rigid vehicles) influence the test conduction and outcome, and what tolerances should be selected for the different variables. This work is important for the acceptance of a draft regulation in the UN working group on general safety. In the meantime, three test series using a single tractor vehicle, a tractor-semitrailer combination and a rigid vehicle have been conducted. The test tools (e.g. surrogate devices) have been refined. A fully crashable, commercially available bicycle dummy has been tested. If used correct, this dummy does follow a straight line quite precisely and it does not cause any damage to the truck under test in case of accidental impact. The dummy specifications are freely available. During testing, the different vehicle categories resulted in different trajectories being driven. Articulated vehicle combinations did first execute a turn into the opposite direction, and on the other hand, single tractor vehicles did behave comparable to passenger cars. A possible solution to take these behaviors into account is to require the vehicles to drive through a corridor that is narrow for a precise straight-driving phase and extends during the turn. Other investigated parameters are the dummy and vehicle speed tolerances. The results from this research make it possible to draft a regulation for a driver assistance system that helps to avoid blind spot accidents: test cases have been refined, their feasibility has been checked, and corridors for the vehicles and for important parameters (e.g. test speeds) have been set. The test procedure is applicable to all types of heavy goods vehicles. In combination with the accidentology (ESV 2015 paper), the work provides the basis for a regulation for such an assistance system.