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The impact of cognitive impairments on accident risk

Pavlou, Dimosthenis ; Papadimitriou, E. ; Papantoniou, P. ; Yannis, George ; Papageorgiou, S. G.

Originalveröffentlichung: (2017) 7th International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research" 2016
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Dokument 1.pdf (697 KB)

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Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Ablenkung (psychol) , Benutzung , Deutschland , Fahrsimulator , Fahrzeugführung , Kognitive Beeinträchtigung , Kommunikation , Konferenz , Mobiltelefon , Risiko , Unfall , Versuch
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Accident , Cognitive impairment , Communication , Conference , Distraction , Driving (veh) , Germany , Mobile phone , Risk , Simulator (driving) , Test , Use
Collection 1: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch
Collection 2: BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 7th International Conference on ESAR
Institut: Sonstige
DDC-Sachgruppe: Ingenieurwissenschaften
Sonstige beteiligte Institution: National Technical University of Athens. Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering
Dokumentart: InProceedings (Aufsatz / Paper einer Konferenz etc.)
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2017
Publikationsdatum: 16.10.2017
Bemerkung: Außerdem beteiligt: Attikon University Hospital, University of Athens Medical School, Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology Unit
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: The objectives of this paper are the analysis of the accident risk of drivers brain pathologies (Mild Cognitive Impairment, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease), and the investigation of the impact of driver distraction on the accident risk of patients with brain pathologies, through a driving simulator experiment. The three groups of patients are compared to a healthy group of similar demographics, with no brain pathology. In particular, 125 drivers of more than 55 years old (34 "controls"” and 91 "patients") went through a large driving simulator experimental process, in which incidents were scheduled to occur. They drove in rural and urban areas, in low and high traffic volumes and in three distraction conditions (undistracted driving, conversation with a passenger and conversation through a mobile phone). The statistical analyses indicated several interesting findings; brain pathologies affect significantly accident risk and distraction affects more the groups of patients than the control one.