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A methodology to evaluate whiplash injuries from computational accident reconstruction

Ferreira, Ana ; Francisco, Paulo ; Dias, Joao M. P.

Originalveröffentlichung: (2017) 7th International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research" 2016
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Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Bewertung , Biomechanik , Deutschland , Dynamik , Korrelation (math, stat) , Schleudertrauma , Simulation , Unfallrekonstruktion , Verfahren , Wahrscheinlichkeit , Zusammenstoß
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Accident reconstruction , Biomechanics , Collision , Conference , Correlation (math, stat) , Dynamics , Evaluation (assessment) , Germany , Method , Probability , Simulation , Whiplash injury
Collection 1: BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 7th International Conference on ESAR
Collection 2: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
Collection 3: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
Institut: Sonstige
DDC-Sachgruppe: Ingenieurwissenschaften
Sonstige beteiligte Institution: Associated Laboratory for Energy, Transports and Aeronautics (Lissabon)
Dokumentart: InProceedings (Aufsatz / Paper einer Konferenz etc.)
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2017
Publikationsdatum: 16.10.2017
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Whiplash injuries are characterized by the high variability of its symptoms and by the subjectivity of its diagnosis, which sometimes leads to frauds perpetrated by victims of rear-end impacts. It is estimated that whiplash injuries cost annually about 10.000 million Euros in Europe. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the dynamics of the accident in which the victim was involved in the probability of development of whiplash associated injuries. In the presented methodology, first an accident reconstruction is performed where the dynamics of the accident is determined. This is carried out using the software PC-Crash, police and insurance companies' data. Then biomechanical injuries criteria related with whiplash injuries are evaluated. For the evaluation of the probability of having whiplash injuries, the Neck Injury Criterion (NIC) of the victim and the mean acceleration of the vehicle were evaluated. Then, with medical reports, the results of the accident reconstruction are correlated with the reported injuries. Some examples are presented. The results obtained indicate that the study of the dynamics of the road accidents in which the victims were involved could be used as an auxiliary of the prognosis of whiplash injuries and is important for a precise diagnosis of this type of injuries.