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Road traffic related injury severity in truck drivers: a prospective medical and technical analysis of 582 truck crashes

Decker, Sebastian ; Otte, Dietmar ; Müller, Christian W. ; Krettek, Christian ; Brand, Stephan

Originalveröffentlichung: (2017) 7th International Conference on ESAR "Expert Symposium on Accident Research" 2016
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Dokument 1.pdf (223 KB)

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Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Analyse (math) , Bein (menschl) , Deutschland , Fahrer , Konferenz , Lkw , Schweregrad (Unfall, Verletzung) , Unfall, Unfallrekonstruktion , Verletzung
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Accident , Accident reconstruction , Analysis (math) , Conference , Driver , Germany , Injury , Leg (human) , Lorry , Severity (accid, injury)
Collection 1: BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 7th International Conference on ESAR
Collection 2: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
Collection 3: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
Institut: Sonstige
DDC-Sachgruppe: Medizin
Sonstige beteiligte Institution: Klinik für Unfallchirurgie (Hannover)
Dokumentart: InProceedings (Aufsatz / Paper einer Konferenz etc.)
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2017
Publikationsdatum: 13.10.2017
Bemerkung: Außerdem beteiligt: Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Verkehrsunfallforschung
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: While cyclists and pedestrians are known to be at significant risk for severe injuries when exposed to road traffic accidents (RTAs) involving trucks, little is known about RTA injury risk for truck drivers. The objective of this study is to analyze the injury severity in truck drivers following RTAs. Between 1999 and 2008 the Hannover Medical School Accident Research Unit prospectively documented 43,000 RTAs involving 582 trucks. Injury severity including the abbreviated injury scale (AIS) and the maximum abbreviated injury scale (MAIS) were analyzed. Technical parameters (e.g. delta-v, direction of impact), the location of accident, and its dependency on the road type were also taken into consideration. The results show that the safety of truck drivers is assured by their vehicles, the consequence being that the risk of becoming injured is likely to be low. However, the legs especially are at high risk for severe injuries during RTAs. This probability increases in the instance of a collision with another truck. Nevertheless, in RTAs involving trucks and regular passenger vehicles, the other party is in higher risk of injury.