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Examination of pollutants emitted by vehicles in operation and of emission relevant components - In-service conformity

Schmidt, Helge ; Georges, Marco

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Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Car , Carbon dioxide , Compliance (specif) , Delivery vehicle , Diesel engine , Emission , Exhaust aftertreatment , Fuel consumption , Germany , In service behavior , Measurement , Motor , Research report , Standard test run , Test , Vehicle
Collection: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 95 Technische Überwachung
Institut: Sonstige
DDC-Sachgruppe: Ingenieurwissenschaften
Sonstige beteiligte Institution: Institut für Fahrzeugtechnik und Mobilität (Hannover)
Dokumentart: Buch (Monographie)
Schriftenreihe: Berichte der Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen, Reihe F: Fahrzeugtechnik
Bandnummer: 105b
ISBN: 978-3-95606-193-6
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2015
Publikationsdatum: 29.04.2016
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Mobility plays an important role in the Federal Republic of Germany. Motorised private transport and, consequently, passenger vehicles are the crucial factor. Vehicles should be environmentally and socially compatible yet also economically efficient at the same time. The crucial factor for pollution of the environment from road traffic is the exhaust emissions of the vehicles on the road. This is why, with the Directive 98/69/EC and the related introduction of exhaust emission standard Euro 3, the testing of the conformity of passenger and light commercial vehicles (in-service conformity check) was introduced. Vehicles already on the roads are to be examined again under type examination conditions (Type I Test) after a statistical selection process. In this way it is to be ensured that the systems and components relevant for the exhaust emissions of a vehicle will also function after several thousand kilometres. This is why the vehicles are checked again during in-service conformity check with respect to their limited pollution components. Due to the ever greater significance of CO2 emissions, both the CO2 emissions and the fuel consumption were included in this research project. For the success of such a project the choice of vehicle is of critical importance. Since this is the only way it is possible to also obtain a representative result. Therefore, in addition to the selection criteria required by law, statistical and technical criteria are also considered. The vehicle owners were selected on a random basis. All test vehicles were checked with respect to their pollutant components in the emissions laboratory in accordance with their standard. By law the same testing conditions apply in an in-service conformity check as in the relevant type approval. In this research project a total of 17 vehicle types were examined. Six types were equipped with positive-ignition engines and 11 types with compression ignition engines. Both groups were to each include vehicles of the limits Euro 4 and Euro 5. For vehicle types with positive-ignition engines, there was one type with the exhaust emission standard Euro 5. All others satisfied the exhaust emission standard Euro 4. For the vehicle types with compression ignition engines, 4 types satisfied exhaust emission standard Euro 5 and 7 types fulfilled exhaust emission standard Euro 4. Among the vehicle types with compression ignition and exhaust emission standard Euro4, there were 4 types of category M1 and 3 types of category N1 of class III. The aim of the research project is to examine the exhaust emissions in-service conformity of passenger and light commercial vehicles in operation to draw conclusions concerning the durability of engine components and systems for exhaust emission treatment. Overall in this in-service conformity testing programme, we were able, in accordance with the statistical procedure, to assess all 17 of the vehicle types tested as "positive". With the exception of one vehicle type, it was possible to conclude the random test for all vehicle types tested with the minimum random sample. This means that all 3 vehicles of one type in as-delivered condition complied with or fell below the respective limits for pollutant emissions according to the criteria of the statistical procedure. In the case of one vehicle type, where the random sample had to be enlarged, it was necessary to examine a total of 8 vehicles. Furthermore, with all vehicle types the CO2-emissions and fuel consumption (Type I Test) were determined to subsequently compare the measured CO2 emissions with those of the manufacturers. Of the 17 vehicle types examined, eleven vehicle types complied with the relevant manufacturers’ values or fell below them. With six vehicle types, the CO2 emissions were more than the permissible 4% above the manufacturer’s value during the Type I Test.