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A new methodology for determining accident and injury contributing factors, and its application to road accidents on the Mumbai-Pune Expressway

Patel, M. ; Kumar, S. ; Balakumar, S. ; Patel, A. ; Bhuvanesh, M. ; Painter, M. ; Rajaraman, Ravishankar ; Hassan, Ahmedali M. ; Padmanaban, Jeya

Originalveröffentlichung: (2015) 6th International Conference on ESAR 2014
pdf-Format:
Dokument 1.pdf (354 KB)

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Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Autobahn , Deutschland , Fahrzeug , Indien , Konferenz , Menschlicher Faktor , Tödlicher Unfall , Unfall , Unfallrekonstruktion , Untersuchung am Unfallort , Ursache , Verfahren , Verkehrsinfrastruktur , Verletzung
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Accident , Accident reconstruction , Cause , Conference , Expressway , Fatality , Germany , Human factor , India , Injury , Method , On the spot accident investigation , Transport infrastructure , Vehicle
Collection 1: BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 6th International Conference on ESAR
Collection 2: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
Institut: Sonstige
DDC-Sachgruppe: Ingenieurwissenschaften
Sonstige beteiligte Institution: JP Research India (Pune)
Dokumentart: InProceedings (Aufsatz / Paper einer Konferenz etc.)
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2015
Publikationsdatum: 14.09.2015
Bemerkung: außerde, beteiligt: JP Research Inc., Mountain View, California
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Road accidents are typically analyzed to address influences of human, vehicle, and environmental (primarily infrastructure) factors. A new methodology, based on a "Venn diagram" analysis, gives a broader perspective on the probable factors, and combinations of factors, contributing both to the occurrence of a crash and to sustaining injuries in that crash. The methodology was applied to 214 accidents on the Mumbai-Pune expressway. Factors contributing to accidents and injuries were addressed. The major human factors influencing accidents on this roadway were speeding (30%) and falling asleep (29%), while injuries were primarily due to lack of seat belt use (46%). The leading infrastructure factor for injuries was impact with a roadside manmade structure (28%), and the main vehicle factor for injuries was passenger compartment intrusion (73%). This methodology can help identify effective vehicle and infrastructure-related solutions for preventing accidents and mitigating injuries in India.