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Injury severity resulting from accidents with reversing cars

Decker, Sebastian ; Otte, Dietmar ; Müller, Chrstian W. ; Omar, Mohammed ; Krettek, Christian ; Brand, Stephan

Originalveröffentlichung: (2015) 6th International Conference on ESAR 2014
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Dokument 1.pdf (254 KB)

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Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Deutschland , Fußgänger , Konferenz , Motorradfahrer , Pkw , Radfahrer , Rückwärtsfahren , Schweregrad (Unfall, Verletzung) , Unfall , Unfallrekonstruktion , Verletzung
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Accident , Accident reconstruction , Car , Conference , Cyclist , Germany , Injury , Motorcyclist , Pedestrian , Reversing (veh) , Severity (accid, injury)
Collection 1: BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 6th International Conference on ESAR
Collection 2: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 84 Personenschäden
Collection 3: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
Institut: Sonstige
DDC-Sachgruppe: Medizin
Sonstige beteiligte Institution: Klinik für Unfallchirurgie (Hannover)
Dokumentart: InProceedings (Aufsatz / Paper einer Konferenz etc.)
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2015
Publikationsdatum: 14.09.2015
Bemerkung: Außerdem beteiligt: Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Verkehrsunfallforschung
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Injury severity of e.g. pedestrians or bikers after crashes with cars that are reversing is almost unknown. However, crash victims of these injuries can frequently be seen in emergency departments and account for a large amount of patients every year. The objective of this study is to analyze injury severity of patients that were crashed into by reversing cars. The Hannover Medical School local accident research unit prospectively documented 43,000 road traffic accidents including 234 crashes involving reversing cars. Injury severity including the abbreviated injury scale (AIS) and the maximum abbreviated injury scale (MAIS) was analyzed as well as the location of the accident. As a result 234 accidents were included into this study. Pedestrians were injured in 141 crashes followed by 70 accidents involving bikers. The mean age of all crash victims was 57 ± 23 years. Most injuries took place on straight stretches (n = 81) as well as parking areas (n = 59), entries (n = 36) or crossroads (n = 24). The AIS of the lower extremities was highest followed by the upper extremities. The AIS of the neck was lowest. The mean MAIS was 1.3 ± 0.6. The paper concludes that the lower extremities show the highest risk to become injured during accidents with reversing cars. However, the risk of severe injuries is likely low.