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Did a higher distribution of pedelecs results in more severe accidents in Germany

Mönnich, Jörg ; Lich, Thomas ; Georgi, Andreas ; Reiter, Nora

Originalveröffentlichung: (2015) 6th International Conference on ESAR 2014
Dokument 1.pdf (2.613 KB)

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Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Deutschland , Elektrofahrrad , Konferenz , Prognose , Schweregrad (Unfall, Verletzung) , Unfall
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Accident , Conference , Electric bicycle , Estimation , Germany , Severity (accid, injury)
Collection 1: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 80 Unfallforschung
Collection 2: BASt-Beiträge / Tagungen / International Conference on ESAR / 6th International Conference on ESAR
Institut: Sonstige
DDC-Sachgruppe: Soziale Probleme, Sozialarbeit
Sonstige beteiligte Institution: Robert Bosch GmbH. Zentralbereich Forschung und Vorausentwicklung
Dokumentart: InProceedings (Aufsatz / Paper einer Konferenz etc.)
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2015
Publikationsdatum: 14.09.2015
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: The study aimed at estimating the impact of pedelecs (with an assumed higher speed than bicycles) on the traffic accident severity in Germany for different penetration rates. The analysis shows that in many real situations (68%) an electrical support of bicycles has no influence on the sequence of accident events. Taking into account a number of unreported "single bicycle accidents", the adoption of similar traffic behavior and similar age distribution, the authors determined a shift of 400 former slightly to seriously injured cyclists in Germany per year. Overall this would be an increase of approximately 2.3% in case of 10% of pedelec penetration with the pessimistic assumption of 10 km/h speed increase although first natural driving studies predict a much lower average speed increase of pedelecs. The hypothesis verbalized in the initial question whether a higher distribution of pedelecs will result in more severe accidents in Germany is not verified. The study shows that electrical support didn’t result in higher collision speed in general. In many accident situations, the speed of pedelecs has only a minor influence on the accident severity. Further research focusing on a possible change of driver behavior especially in new target groups (elderly people) will be needed.