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Human behaviour in severe tunnel accidents: Effects of information and behavioural training

Kinateder, Max ; Pauli, Paul ; Müller, Mathias ; Krieger, Jürgen ; Heimbecher, Frank ; Rönnau, Inga ; Bergerhausen, Ulrich ; Vollmann, Götz ; Vogt, Peter ; Mühlberger, Andreas

Originalveröffentlichung: (2013) Transportation research Part F: Traffic psychology and behavior, Vol. 17, Febr. 2013, 20-32

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Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Erziehung , Fahrer , Feuer , Information , Notfall , Tunnel , Unfall , Verhalten , Virtuelle Realität
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Accident , Behaviour , Driver , Education , Emergency , Fire , Information , Tunnel , Virtual reality
Collection: BASt-Beiträge / ITRD Sachgebiete / 83 Unfall und Mensch
Institut 1: Sonstige
Institut 2: Abteilung Brücken- und Ingenieurbau
DDC-Sachgruppe: Psychologie
Sonstige beteiligte Institution: Universität Würzburg. Institut für Psychologie
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2013
Publikationsdatum: 25.08.2015
Bemerkung: Außerdem beteiligt: Institut für Konstruktiven Ingenieurbau (Bochum). Lehrstuhl für Tunnelbau, Leitungsbau und Baubetrieb. Volltext unter: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2012.09.001
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Immediate user self-evacuation is crucial in case of fire in road tunnels. This study investigated the effects of information with or without additional virtual reality (VR) behavioural training on self-evacuation during a simulated emergency situation in a road tunnel. Forty-three participants were randomly assigned to three groups with accumulating preventive training: The control group only filled in questionnaires, the informed group additionally read an information brochure on tunnel safety, and the VR training group received an additional behavioural training in a VR tunnel scenario. One week later, during the test session, all participants conducted a drive through a real road tunnel in which they were confronted with a collision of two vehicles and intense smoke. The informed and the behaviourally trained participants evacuated themselves more reliably from the tunnel than participants of the control group. Trained participants showed better and faster behavioural responses than informed only participants. Interestingly, the few participants in the control group who reacted adequately to the scenario were all female. A 1 year follow-up online questionnaire showed a decrease of safety knowledge, but still the trained group had somewhat more safety relevant knowledge than the two other groups. Information and especially VR behavioural training both seem promising to foster adequate self-evacuation during crisis situations in tunnels, although long term beneficial behavioural effects have to be demonstrated. Measures aiming to improve users/ behaviour should take individual difference such as gender into account.